The History of Nyingma Tradition
In the Snow Land of Tibet, the Great Tibetan Tsenpo King lineage began around 143 BC.
In 433, during the reign of 28th Tsenpo King Lha Thothori Nyatsen, a Buddhist scriptural text called Pang Kong Chaggya Pa was believed to have descended onto the rooftop of the king’s palace along with a few other religious objects from the sky. This was believed to be the origin of Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet.
Then the 33rd King Songtsen Gampo, known as the emanation of Avalokiteshvara, (compassion Buddha), built one hundred and eight Buddhist temples, including two great temples that were the holiest seats of Tibetan Buddhism in Lhasa.
He sent Tibetans to India and translated a Buddhist text, (Dho Dhe Zamatok) and some other texts into Tibetan. He also established two ethical laws: Lhachoe Gewa Chu (ten virtuous actions) and Michoe Tsangma Chudruk (sixteen worldly principles).
The 38th King Trisong Dheutsen was believed to be an emanation of Manjushiri (wisdom Buddha). During his reign, he invited Abbot Shantarakshita; Guru Padma Sambhava, known as the second Buddha; Pandita Vimalmitra and many other Panditas from India.
Three outstanding Tibetan translators: Viarochana, Kawa Platseg, and Chogrolui Gyaltsen, along with many other translators, translated a great number of Buddhist texts into Tibetan. Great Abbot Shantarakshita ordained seven Tibetans as monks. They were the first Tibetan Buddhist monks and Buddhism began to flourish and develop across Tibet.
The 41st King Tri Ralpachen, who was considered to be the emanation of Vajrapani (the Buddha of protection), created a great project to edit all the translated Buddhist texts. He divided Buddhist practitioners into two groups, one ordained and one lay practitioners.
The Nyingma tradition is the oldest school of Tibetan Buddhism, and it has six main great seat monasteries and hundreds of other monasteries throughout Tibet and other countries. There have been thousands of great masters, yogis, Tertons (treasure discoverers) and practitioners from the Nyingma Tradition throughout the centuries.